Eureka Stockade, Southern Cross Flag - mini flag geocoin
*****Exclusive to Geostuff.com.au****** This is our first custom made mini geocoin. It's made to celebrate the unique history of the Eureka Rebellion of 1854 in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.
The Eureka flag was a war flag that is believed to have been designed by Canadian gold miner "Captain" Joaltin Rodoel. The Rebellion was a protest by miners of the Ballarat Goldfields over a number of matters, but principally, the right to vote, the cost of mining licenses and the right to own land. Beneath this flag, Peter Lalor, leader of the Ballarat Reform League, swore this oath to the affirmation of his fellow demonstrators: "We swear by the Southern Cross to stand truly by each other and fight to defend our rights and liberties." According to the Ballarat Times, at "about eleven o'clock the 'Southern Cross' was hoisted, and its maiden appearance was a fascinating object to behold." The battle of Eureka Stockade, between the Miners and soliders and military polices started at 3am on Sunday 3rd of Decmeber 1854. The battle was very quick and was very one sided and resulted in round 14 miners killed, and many others wounded. 6 soldiers and police were killed. Although the official register shows 27 dead. A commission of enquiry was soon set up to investigate the miner's grievances and the administration of the goldfields.
Many of the miners demands were met, including the abolition of the miners license. The Eureka Stockade was certainly the most prominent rebellion in Australia's history and can be regarded as the only such event. The original Eureka Stockade Flag can now be seen at Ballarat Art Gallery.